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We all know that the dentists are our tooth doctors. They are the ones who take care of our teeth. Like all doctors, dentists also studied and were trained for many years to get their degree. They satisfied all the requirements needed, so they practice their craft professionally. Let us learn about the most common types of dentists and what their specialties are.


Types of dentists: General dentists


These dentists are our regular dentists. According to the Dental Board of Australia, dentists are professionals who are required to study dentistry for at least four years, focusing on courses approved by the National Board. They are the ones who perform essential and straightforward dental procedures, like teeth cleaning, dental fillings, and simple tooth extractions. They are certified to diagnose our tooth problem based on their professional knowledge. General dentists are also the ones who refer us to dental specialists once they discover that a dental problem is too complicated and would need further examination.

Dental specialists are also general dentists who have undertaken more years of training and education to harness their knowledge and skills about the specialties they wanted to pursue.


Types of dentists: Paediatric dentists


Paediatric dentists are the dentists who are knowledgeable about the anatomy and physiology of our temporary or baby teeth. With patients from infancy to early teens, these paediatric dentists take care of our baby teeth so that no unwanted complications occur once the permanent teeth start to emerge/erupt.

Their primary goal is to preserve the health of the baby teeth. They perform preventative measures, such as teeth cleaning, application of fluoride varnish, and may even offer use of fissure sealants. These dental procedures ensure that the child’s baby teeth are free from the build-up of plaque or cavities that may affect the way the child eats and get nourishment at a young age. Damage on the baby teeth will also affect the growth and positioning of their permanent teeth.

Because they are part of the overall wellness of a child, they work in close partnership with other paediatric health professionals, like the paediatricians and family practitioners. They may also refer their little patients to other dental specialists if the need arises.


Types of dentists: Endodontistsepping-types-of-dentists


Endodontists are one of the types of dentists who are specially trained to care for the structures inside of our teeth, called the pulp. When gums begin to recede, and the interior of our teeth gets exposed, our teeth become susceptible to bacterial infection that may cause tooth decay and pain. Endodontists are dental specialists who are experts in root canal therapy (RCT), a dental procedure that aids in preventing further damage to the inside structure of the tooth. Endodontists remove the infected pulp, disinfect and clean the area, then apply dental filling inside the tooth. This filling seals the area and prevents further pain and discomfort.


Types of dentists: Orthodontists


Where teeth alignment is the problem, orthodontists are the dental specialists to the rescue. They are the ones who are experts in performing orthodontic procedures that correct the alignment of the teeth and jaws. Their common dental procedures include the use of dental braces (metal, ceramic, or lingual), dental aligners, and use of dental retainers and mouthpieces for TMJ disorders.


Types of Dentists: Prosthodontists


These are the dental specialists who are taking care of the aesthetic function of our teeth. Artificial teeth replacements are their specialty. If you are in need of restoring your teeth’s function and look using dental crowns, bridges, and dentures, prosthodontists are here to the rescue.



These are just some of the most common types of dentists we usually see when we have problems with our teeth. Armed with this knowledge, we may now distinguish each dentists’ specialty and know who to turn to when the need arises.

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